There was an error in this gadget

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Organizational Design | Write an essay on work specialization




Write an essay on work specialization.


Robbins / Coulter, MANAGEMENT, 12th edition, Pearson, 2014


This is a guidance answer ... your actual answer during the exam should be longer than this answer ...


1 comment:

  1. Work specialization is the process of dividing work activities into separate job tasks. Individual


    employees "specialize" in doing part of an activity rather than the entire activity in order to increase work output. It is also known as division of labor. It makes efficient use of the diversity of skills that workers have.
    Work specialization makes efficient use of the diversity of skills that workers have. In most organizations, some tasks require highly developed skills; others can be performed by employees with lower skill levels. If all workers were engaged in all the steps of, say, a manufacturing process, all would need the skills necessary to perform both the most demanding and the least demanding jobs. Thus, except when performing the most highly skilled or highly sophisticated tasks, employees would be working below their skill levels. In addition, skilled workers are paid more than unskilled workers, and, because wages tend to reflect the highest level of skill, all workers would be paid at highly skilled rates to do easy tasks–an inefficient use of resources. This concept explains why you rarely find a cardiac surgeon closing up a patient after surgery. Instead, doctors doing their residencies in open-heart surgery and learning the skill usually stitch and staple the patient after the surgeon has finished the surgery.
    Early proponents of work specialization believed that it could lead to great increases in productivity. At the beginning of the twentieth century, that generalization was reasonable. Because specialization was not widely practiced, its introduction almost always generated higher productivity. But, at some point, the human diseconomies from division of labor—boredom, fatigue, stress, low productivity, poor quality, increased absenteeism, and high turnover—exceed the economic advantages.
    Today, most managers continue to see work specialization as important because it helps employees be more efficient. However, managers should remember that, at some point, work specialization no longer leads to productivity. Thus, they should plan and organize accordingly.

    Robbins / Coulter, MANAGEMENT, 12th edition, Pearson, 2014
    www.pearson.co.uk

    This is a guidance answer ... your actual answer during the exam should be longer than this answer ...

    ReplyDelete