Answer: The four basic functions of management are: (a) Planning, (b) Organizing, (c) Leading, and (d) Controlling.a. When managers engage in planning, they set goals, establish strategies for achieving those goals, and develop plans to integrate and coordinate activities.b. When managers organize, they determine what tasks are to be done, who is to do them, how the tasks are to be grouped, who reports to whom, and where decisions are to be made.c. When managers engage in leading, they motivate subordinates, help resolve work group conflicts, influence individuals or teams as they work, select the most effective communication channel, or deal in any way with employee behavior issues.d. When managers control, they ensure that goals are being met and that work is being done as it should be. They monitor and evaluate performance. They compare actual performance with the set goals. If those goals aren't being achieved, it's the manager's job to get work back on track. This process of monitoring, comparing, and correcting is the controlling function.