Explain the concept of motivation. Then identify and describe the three key aspects of motivation.
Motivation refers to the process by which a person’s efforts are energized, directed, and sustained toward attaining a goal. Although, generally speaking, motivation involves any effort exerted toward a goal, we’re most interested in organizational goals because our focus is on work-related behavior.
Three key elements are important to this definition: energy, direction, and persistence.
The energy element is a measure of intensity or drive. A motivated person puts forth effort and works hard. However, the quality of the effort must be considered as well as its intensity.
High levels of effort don’t necessarily lead to favorable job performance unless the effort is channeled in a direction that benefits the organization. Effort that’s directed toward, and consistent with, organizational goals is the kind of effort we want from employees.
Finally, motivation includes a persistence dimension. We want employees to persist in putting forth effort to achieve those goals.
Source: Management, 11e (Robbins/Coulter)