Define decruitment and list the various decruitment options.
Decruitment is the process by which an organization reduces its workforce.
The various decruitment options available to an organization are:
a. Firing - This refers to permanent involuntary termination of employees.
b. Layoffs - These refer to temporary involuntary termination of employees. Layoffs may last only for a few days or extend up to years.
c. Attrition - This is achieved when an organization does not fill the openings created by voluntary resignations or normal retirements of its employees.
d. Transfers - This happens when employees are moved either laterally or downward. This usually does not reduce costs but, it can reduce intraorganizational supply––demand imbalances.
e. Reduced workweeks - This is achieved by having employees work fewer hours per week, share jobs, or perform their jobs on a part-time basis.
f. Early retirements - Here, the organization provides incentives to older and more senior employees for retiring before their normal retirement date.
g. Job sharing - This is achieved by having employees share one full-time position.
Source: Management, 11e (Robbins/Coulter)