What is work specialization? What are the advantages and disadvantages of work specialization?
Work specialization or division of labor is the degree to which activities in the organization are subdivided into separate jobs. Work specialization creates efficiency and productivity, but can also result in boredom, fatigue, stress, low productivity, poor quality, increased absenteeism, and high turnover.
The trend towards specialization has been altered by the realization that productivity may be increased by enlarging the scope of job activities.
Organizational Behavior / Robbins & Judge - 14th edition