Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended by the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, guarantee equal employment opportunity, i.e., the right to employment without regard to race, color, national origin, religion, gender, age, or physical and mental ability.
Other legislation that deals with various aspects of employment discrimination includes the following:
• The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities.
• The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 as amended in 1978 and 1986 protects workers against mandatory retirement ages.
• The Pregnancy Discrimination Act of 1978 protects female workers from discrimination because of pregnancy.
• The Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 protects workers who take unpaid leaves for family matters from losing their jobs or employment status.
• The Equal Pay Act of 1963 provides that men and women in the same organization should be paid equally for doing equal work in terms of required skills, responsibilities, and working conditions.
• The Occupational Health and Safety Act of 1970 establishes mandatory health and safety standards in workplaces.
Source: Management, 11th Edition & 12th Edition- John R. Schermerhorn