Describe the process of recruiting. What are the different types of recruiting? Explain the advantages and disadvantages of each.
Recruitment is a set of activities designed to attract a qualified pool of job applicants to an organization. The three steps in a typical recruitment process are:
1. advertisement of a job vacancy,
2. preliminary contact with potential job candidates, and
3. initial screening to create a pool of qualified applicants.
Recruitment can be external or internal. The recruiting that takes place on college campuses is one example of external recruitment, in which job candidates are sought from outside the hiring organization. Company websites and their social media sites, virtual job fairs, or specialized recruiting websites such as Monster and CareerBuilder, employment agencies and headhunters, university placement centers, personal contacts and employee referrals are all sources of external recruits. Internal recruitment, by contrast, seeks applicants from inside the organization. Most organizations have a procedure for announcing vacancies through newsletters, electronic postings, and the like. They also rely on managers to recommend candidates for advancement.
Both recruitment methods have potential advantages and disadvantages. External recruitment brings outsider applicants with fresh perspectives, expertise, and work experience. But extra effort is needed to get reliable information on them. Internal recruitment is usually quicker and focuses on persons whose performance records are well known. A history of internal recruitment builds employee commitment and motivation by showing that opportunities exist to advance within the organization. It also helps to reduce turnover rates and aids in the retention of high-quality employees.
Source: Management, 11th Edition & 12th Edition- John R. Schermerhorn