What are the four leadership styles identified by Robert House that can add value in different types of situations for a leaders?
Robert House believes that a leader can use these four leadership styles and actually shift back and forth among them:
Directive leadership—letting followers know what is expected; giving directions on what to do and how; scheduling work to be done; maintaining definite standards of performance; clarifying the leader’s role in the group.
Supportive leadership—doing things to make work more pleasant; treating team members as equals; being friendly and approachable; showing concern for the well-being of subordinates.
Achievement-oriented leadership—setting challenging goals; expecting the highest levels of performance; emphasizing continuous improvement in performance; displaying confidence in meeting high standards.
Participative leadership—involving team members in decision making; consulting with them and asking for suggestions; using these suggestions when making decisions.
Source: Management, 11th Edition & 12th Edition- John R. Schermerhorn