What is leadership style? Explain how concern for task and concern for people are related to leadership style.
Leadership style refers to the recurring pattern of behaviors exhibited by leader. Research on leadership behavior has revealed two basic underlying dimensions: (a) concern for the task to be accomplished, and (b) concern for the people doing the work. A leader high in concern for task engages in the following behaviors: plans and defines work to be done, assigns task responsibilities, sets clear work standards, urges task completion, and monitors performance results. A leader high in concern for people engages in the following behaviors: acts warm and supportive toward followers, develops social rapport with followers, respects the feelings of followers, is sensitive to followers’ needs, and shows trust in followers.
Different combinations of concern for task and concern for people define specific leadership styles. The Blake and Mouton Leadership Grid provides a convenient way for categorizing different leadership styles in relation to concern for task (or production) and concern for people. The Grid identifies the following styles:
• Team management is the preferred leadership style; it reflects a high concern for both people and production.
• Authority-obedience management reflects a high concern for production and a low concern for people.
• Country club management reflects a high concern for people and a low concern for production.
• Impoverished management reflects a low concern for both production and people.
• Middle-of-road management is non-committal with respect to both production and people concerns.
Source: Management, 11th Edition & 12th Edition- John R. Schermerhorn