Explain the four major ways in which self-efficacy can be enhance, according to the work of Bandura.
Self-efficacy may be enhanced by encouraging people to
(1) practice enactive mastery, the gaining of confidence through positive experience. This is accomplished by working at the task repetitively, practice, thereby becoming more practiced at doing the task and building one’s confidence in doing it;
(2) practice vicarious modeling by watching a skilled person doing a task thereby building our confidence that we also can do it;
(3) listen to verbal persuasion, the verbal encouragement that one can perform the task. This praise is often highly stimulating and motivating; and
(4) get “psyched up” or personally stimulated and energized to do a task well.
Source: Management, 11th Edition & 12th Edition- John R. Schermerhorn